Bipolar Disorder Signs, Diagnosis And Treatment

Bipolar Disorder Signs, Diagnosis And Treatment (2)

Bipolar disorder is one of the popular conditions affecting many people of all races although its precise characteristics and attributes are found in patients of other ailments thus making it sort of rare.

Everyone has some high and low moods from time to time yet the peaks and valleys of bipolar are often quite severe.

The disorder is considered a mental illness marked by spontaneous mood swings that can last for minutes, hours, days or even months and can become mixed such that the patient feels both elated and depressed at the same moment.

What are the causes and signs?

There are about four diagnosed types of bipolar although bipolar I and II are the most profound.

In bipolar I, patients feel extreme phases of elation (manic) and this can quickly escalate to dangerous levels that leave them in the emergency room or worse.

In bipolar II, the symptoms (manic characteristics) are less profound and can hardly be felt by the victim.

It is the friends who often seek help for people showing these signs.

 

The national-institute-of-mental-health lists seven main symptoms of bipolar elation (happiness) as follows;

1. A feeling of extreme happiness (elation) for long hours
2. Feeling twitched or jumpy ( easily agitated)
3. Talking very fast with racing thoughts
4. Impulsivity and state of restlessness
5. Judgment impairment
6. Unreasonable/unrealistic overconfidence (usually in one’s own powers and ability)

7. Risky impulsive behavior such as impulsive sex, expensive shopping sprees and gambling life savings

On the converse side, bipolar depression depicts the following characteristics;

1. A feeling of sadness and hopelessness for long hours

2. Withdrawal (from family, friends, events and activities that were once hobbies)

3. Significant loss (sometimes increase) in appetite

4. Lack of energy (severe fatigue)

5. Slowed speech

6. Problems with concentration, decision making and memory

7. Preoccupation with death, thoughts or attempts of suicide

Diagnosis and treatmentBipolar Disorder Signs, Diagnosis And Treatment (1)

It is quite difficult to diagnose people suspected to be bipolar unless they have the extreme symptoms of high elation/depression.

The physician will start by conducting medical examination to rule out disease-caused symptoms (like thyroid disease).

After the exam, interviews with family members may be necessary for mental health evaluation. The patient will be required to keep a daily activity diary used to monitor moods and sleep patterns.

The DSM-5 (diagnostic-and-statistical-manual-of-mental-disorders) may be used to compare symptoms against official criteria. If one is found to have the disorder, the doctor may recommend medication, psychotherapy, substance abuse control and treatment as well as electroconvulsive therapy.

Conclusion

Bipolar disorder has the potential to endanger the patient and other people.

It should therefore be treated immediately after diagnosis.

Treatment is usually more than just medication and requires a long-term approach that includes monitoring moods, choosing healthy lifestyles and seeking self help.

Treatment should only be handled by trained licensed psychotherapists.

Is A Creamy White Discharge Normal

Vaginal discharge is a normal body process that helps to rid the body of dead cells and bacteria and keeps the female reproductive system clean and disease-free.

Is A Creamy White Discharge Normal (1)

Most women will have vaginal discharge throughout their lives, from puberty to menopause.

Sometimes a change in the color or consistency may cause one to wonder – Is it normal to have white discharge? While usually not a cause for concern, white vaginal discharge may at times be an indicator of a problem.

Let us look at some of the causes of white vaginal discharge.

Normal Causes for Discharge

1. Ovulation
When the body is ovulating, there is a heightened level of hormones in the body.

This leads to an increase in the amounts of discharge and is nothing to worry about as it means that the reproductive system is working just fine.
2. Sexual Activity
When a woman is sexually aroused, the body releases natural lubricant to ease sexual intercourse.

The very hormones that cause sexual arousal also cause the release of discharge.
3. Pregnancy
During pregnancy, the hormone levels of the body fluctuate, leading to increased levels of milky white vaginal discharge.

It is just the body cleaning up by ridding the vaginal canal of bacteria and trying to protect the vagina from infections.

These secretions also increase around the time of labor to lubricate the canal for the process of birth.
4. Stress
Sometimes, excessive stress causes an imbalance of hormones in the body.

This hormonal imbalance may lead to excessive white discharge from the vagina.

While the discharge is not a cause for worry by itself, high stress levels are not good for overallhealth and care must be taken to minimize stress levels.

Is A Creamy White Discharge Normal (2)

Discharge causes you should worry about

1. Fungal Infection
A discharge that smells like yeast and is accompanied by itchiness or soreness is often indicative of a fungal infection caused by poor vaginal hygiene or the use of antibiotics.

Antibiotics kill the healthy bacteria in the vagina, thus causing fungus to grow.

Fungal infections can be cured by taking antifungal medication and keeping the vaginal area clean and free of moisture.

2. Bacterial Infections
White discharge accompanied by abnormal vaginal bleeding, pain in the abdominal or pelvic area, foul smells and sudden changes in the consistency or color of the discharge are sometimes caused by bacterial infections.

A fish-smelling discharge with no itchiness or irritation may be a bacterial infection and can be cured by simple antibiotics.
3. STDs
Abnormal vaginal discharge accompanied by pain during urination, pain in the pelvic area or bleeding may be due to STDs like gonorrhea or chlamydia, both of which are treated with antibiotics.

Red sore or blisters may indicate genital herpes.
If your white discharge is accompanied by rashes, itching, sores, pain and you find yourself wondering – Is it normal to have white discharge, the best idea is to consult a doctor.